Incorporated in 1903, Deerfield is characterized by residential streets flanked by mature trees. There are gentle hills in portions of the Village, and two forest preserves border the North Branch of the Chicago River. The modern central business district is near the intersection of Waukegan and Deerfield Roads. The Village covers about 5½ square miles and is home to just over 18,000 residents. A new shopping district has been added in downtown Deerfield which has specialty stores and restaurants. The public school district has 4 elementary and 2 middle schools. High school students attend Deerfield High and Highland Park High, which both consistently rank amongst the top schools in the state. Deerfield Park District offers year-round recreational programs, a community center, 21 park sites (over 262 acres), two pools, a golf course, baseball, football, basketball, soccer and track fields, tennis courts, sledding hill, ice skating, and playgrounds.